Dr.Kamil Pietrasik
language: Polish
|language: English
Trigger finger is a common name of stenosing tenosynovitis which is inflammation of flexor tendon's sheath.
Narrowing of this anatomical canal formed by ligaments to facilitate smooth tendon movements is responsible for impaired extension of involved digit. Sometimes tendon nodules may accompany pathology of the sheath.

In early stages of the disease, patient feels localized discomfort on the palm during finger flexion.
In advanced stages extension of flexed finger is impaired or impossible ("triggering") and pain to palpation is present.

The treatment aims at restoration of smooth tendon gliding within its sheath. In not advanced stages, finger immobilization and non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs are used. If these don't relieve the symptoms local steroid injection is second line treatment. Surgery is recommended when conservative therapies turn to be uneffective. Its principle is to open diseased tendon sheath and restore smooth tendon gliding.

"Trigger finger" surgery is performed in local anesthesia.

Short (2 cm) skin incision is placed in distal palm over affected tendon sheath.

In postoperative period hand must be kept in elevation till wound heals completely and edema resolves. Fingers movements are early encouraged.

Skin sutures are removed 10-14 days after the surgery. 

Return to normal activity involving hands is possible after 2-3 weeks.

Obtained results are very good and long-lasting. Reoccurrence of the triggering in operated finger is rare.

This short information doesn’t replace medical consultation in the office.

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