Dr.Kamil Pietrasik
language: Polish
|language: English
Ganglion is one of the most frequent benign tumors of the hand growing in vicinity of joint and tendons in individuals of all ages.
It is usually well-defined nodule filled with fluid or mucus. Although dorsal surface of the wrist is most frequent localization, ganglion may also develop on palmar aspect of the wrist or base of finger. The tumor may temporally change its size or completely disappear. This is most frequently seen with small simple ganglions. Tendon and/or joint capsule injuries (sometimes very minor and remote to be remembered) are probable cause of ganglion formation.

Treatment methods range from simple injection and drainage to complete surgical resection. Injection and drainage is less invasive and gives immediate result although has high recurrence rate. Surgical excision of ganglion with its pedicle and fragment of injured joint capsule or tendon sheath is most effective form of treatment with lowest recurrence rates.

Ganglion excision is  performed in local anesthesia or regional block.

Skin incision is placed directly over the tumor.

Patient may go home immediately after the surgery.

Operated hand is immobilized in wrist splint and should be kept in elevation till wounds are healed.
Skin sutures are removed 10-14 days after the surgery. Hand therapy should be implemented from post-op day 2 and continued for a period of 2-4 weeks.

Return to normal activity involving hand takes 4-6 weeks.

Although results of surgical treatment are good and long-lasting in small percentage of patients ganglion may reoccur in the same or adjacent location.

This short information doesn’t replace medical consultation in the office.

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